City Hall is open Monday through Friday 8:30 am – 4:00 pm
150 Years of History
Jacksonville has been known for its colorful history. Its foundation began during the Gold Rush flurry in the 1850’s. The buildings that line California St. were in large part built before 1900 when the town was referred to as Table Rock City. Among those drawn to the area was Peter Britt. His search of gold eventually gave way to a passion to chronicle the times through his talents as a photographer.
For decades Jacksonville, which had become the county seat, flourished as the commercial and cultural center of Southern Oregon. It wasn’t until 1884, when the railroad was routed through the neighboring town of Medford, did the prestige of Jacksonville begin to wane. As residents and businesses moved away to those communities along the rail lines, Jacksonville settled into a new role-that of an agricultural center.
The combination of the County Seat being moved to Medford in 1927, the Great Depression and World War II had serious economic impact on Jacksonville. But never a community to give in, residents and business leaders sought to preserve the heritage of Southern Oregon’s first town. Jacksonville although no longer a boomtown, discovered a new way to lure those with the pioneer spirit, capturing it’s colorful past and inviting a new generation of explorers to experience it.
In 1966, Jacksonville was designated a National Historic Landmark. Over 100 buildings in Jacksonville are on the National Register of Historic Places. With a dynamic vision of the future that simultaneously incorporates its glorious past, Jacksonville is booming once again.